When the supercontinent of Gondwana broke apart 180 million years ago, the southern most chunks of drifting real estate carried with them an assemblage of ancient plants closely related to Magnolias in a family called the Winteraceae.
The South American representative, Drimys winteri (the only member of the family to extend into the Northern Hemisphere) rose to fame as the first commercial cure for scurvy. On a bit of land drifting further to the west, now called Tasmania, evolved Tasmania (Drimys) lanceolata. Its dried leaves and fruit were long used by aboriginals as a flavoring agent and is gaining in recognition as a condiment possessing a considerable degree of ‘heat’ in our region’s cuisine.
And on the islands that lie between New Zealand arose Pseudowintera colorata. This too has a complex molecular inventory that some historians credit for colonization of this territory by the Polynesians. An alkaloid present in its foliage, known as polygodial, is known to cure candida which affected to a considerable degree the early nutrient-deprived settlers of this land.
Pseudowintera colorata makes an outstanding evergreen shrub for the PNW though is seldom encountered. The foliage takes on burgundy tones during the winter, becoming more burnished bronze during the summer. Small green flowers appear in early spring; each a miniature ‘magnolia’ if observed closely.
It might be of interest to note that members of this family do not possess water conducting tissues known as vessels, immunizing the stems from ‘vessel aneurysms’ during extremely cold temperatures.